Materi Bahasa Inggris: Conditional Sentence

Materi Bahasa Inggris: Conditional Sentence

Materi Bahasa Inggris: Conditional Sentence

Materi Bahasa Inggris: Conditional Sentence
Materi Bahasa Inggris: Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentence: kalimat pengandaian untuk mengandai-andai suatu kegiatan atau tindakan apabila syaratnya terpenuhi.

Conditional sentence type 1:

digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah kalimat bersyarat yang masih memungkinkan sekali untuk dipenuhi syaratnya karena baru akan terjadi di masa yang akan datang.

If + S + V1, S + will + V1 atau If + simple present tense, present future tense

-If my car is sold, I will give you money.

 (Jika mobilku terjual, aku akan memberikanmu uang)

-If I have a lot of money, I will buy a new bag.

 (Jika aku memiliki banyak uang, aku akan membeli tas baru)

Conditional sentence type 2:

digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah kalimat bersyarat yang kemungkinan sulit terpenuhi.

If + S + V2, S + would + V1 atau If + simple past tense, past future tense

-If I were you, I would forgive him.

 (Jika aku jadi dirimu, aku akan memaafkannya)

-If I were a bird, I would fly high to the sky.

 (Jika aku jadi seekor burung, aku akan terbang tinggi ke langit)

Conditional sentence type 3:

digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah kalimat bersyarat yang tidak mungkin terpenuhi kerna masanya sudah lampau.

If + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3 atau

If + past perfect tense, past future perfect tense

-If we had known you lived here last year, we would have visited you.

 (Jika kami tahu bahwa kau tinggal disini tahun lalu, kami akan mengunjungimu)

-If you had invited him yesterday, he would have come.

 (Jika kau mengundangnya kemarin, dia akan datang)

Latihan

Pilihlah jawaban yang tepat!

  1. If I lose this ring, my mother ………………. me.
  2. scoldB. will scold     C. would scold D. would have scolded
  3. If I ……………………, I would buy an expensive phone.
  4. richB. am rich        C. were rich     D. had be rich
  5. If the weather had not been so bad, we ………………… gone out.
  6. would haveB. would          C. will  D. had
  7. If I …………………… to the bookstore, I will buy you a novel.
  8. wentB. gone                        C. goes             D. go
  9. If I …………………. her number, I would phone you.
  10. knewB. will know    C. know                       D. had known
  11. I would have met my friends if I ………………… to the party last night.
  12. goB. gone                        C. went                        D. had gone
  13. My teacher will punish me if I …………………… my homework.
  14. don’t finishB. finish C. didn’t finish            D. hadn’t finished
  15. If I had a choice, I …………………… in Europe.
  16. would liveB. would have lived     C. will live       D. live
  17. If I had known your birthday yesterday, I ………………. you a gift.
  18. would giveB. will give      C. would have given    D. gave
  19. This soup would be very good if it ………………….. so salty.
  20. wasn’tB. was              C. will              D. had

Buatlah kalimat conditional yang tepat untuk kalimat-kalimat berikut!

  1. Kalimat: I go to Garut-I buy dodol

    Type 1         : If I go to Garut, I will buy dodol

  1. Kalimat: I find a wallet in the street-I take it to the police

    Type 2         : If I found a wallet in the street, ……………………………..………………

  1. Kalimat: I see you-I say hello

    Type 3         : If ……………………………………………………………………………

  1. Kalimat: I haven’t to work-I stay in bed

    Type 2         : ………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Kalimat: I am not so tired-I go to your house last night

    Type 3         : If I hadn’t been …………………………………………………………….

Vocabulary

Bad = buruk

Give = member

Night = malam

Soup = sup

Bed = tempat tidur

Go out = bepergian

Party = pesta

Stay = tinggal

Birthday = hari ulang tahun

Good = bagus /enak

Phone = telepon /menghubungi

Street = jalan

Bookstore = toko buku

Homework = pekerjaan rumah

Police = polisi

Take = membawa

Buy = membeli

House = rumah

Punish =menghukum

Tired = lelah

Choice = pilihan

Know = tahu

Ring = cincin

Wallet = dompet

Expensive = mahal

Last = lalu /lampau

Salty = asin

Weather = cuaca

Find = menemukan

Live = tinggal

Say = berkata

Work = bekerja

Finish =menyelesaikan

Lose = hilang

Scold = mengomel

Yesterday = kemarin

Gift = hadiah

Meet = bertemu

See = melihat

Sumber: https://www.kuliahbahasainggris.com/